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stores function in coal mines

COMPANY STORES OF THE HOCKING VALLEY COAL FIELD:

1988a). The most celebrated of these coal mining artifacts are the company stores. From the late nineteenth century through World War II, the company store was a common feature of mining camps throughout the Appalachian Coalfield. Significant not because of its form, but because of its function, the stores

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Company Store Scrip Appalachian History

Sep 28, 2018· This was especially widespread in the coal fields of Appalachia, where many miners also lived in company owned towns. In these company towns, or “coal camps,” the only store in town was usually owned or run on behalf of the coal company. In theory, scrip was an advance against unearned wages and usable only by the employee to whom it was

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Company store Wikipedia

A company store is a retail store selling a limited range of food, clothing and daily necessities to employees of a company. It is typical of a company town in a remote area where virtually everyone is employed by one firm, such as a coal mine.In a company town, the housing is owned by the company but there may be independent stores there or nearby. A company store may also refer to a company

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Did Coal Miners 'Owe Their Souls to the Company Store

Miners and operators agreed that during initial stages of mine development, company provision of stores and housing was a necessity. Population density in mining regions was generally very low, with few if any existing stores or homes. Opening a mine was a risky proposition; mines expanded, contracted, and closed with fluctuations in coal

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The Company Store Perryopolis

Just about every coal patch had a Company Store, so-called because the coal company owned it. See below to learn how the coal companies took the miners’ pay right back from them by forcing them to shop at the Company Store. This photograph was made in about 1900 by the Webmaster’s grandfather, George A. Baughman.

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'Rape Rooms': How West Virginia Women Paid Off Coal

Oct 02, 2015· The Whipple Company Store was one of three company stores built by coal baron Justus Collins in Fayette County, W.Va. Coal miners would not have tolerated such The Ideological Function

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16 Photos From West Virginia Coal Camps In The 1930s

Dec 19, 2015· These 16 Photos Show What Life Was Like In West Virginia Coal Camps. West Virginia has a long history with coal. We often hear references to coal camps and company stores, but have you ever wondered what life was actually like back in coal camps during the 1930s? Check out these photos to get a glimpse of what it was like.

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The Coal Mining Massacre America Forgot History

Apr 25, 2017· The coal industry was essentially the state’s sole source of work, and massive corporations built homes, general stores, schools, churches and recreational facilities in

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Company scrip Wikipedia

Company scrip is scrip (a substitute for government-issued legal tender or currency) issued by a company to pay its employees. It can only be exchanged in company stores owned by the employers. In the UK, such truck systems have long been formally outlawed under the Truck Acts.. In the United States, mining and logging camps were typically created, owned and operated by a single company.

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25 Photos of 1930s and 1940s Kentucky Coal Camps

Dec 19, 2015· However, we were also home to many other coal companies all across the state. Each one had their own store, settlement and set up for miners. During the 1930s and 1940s, things were a lot different for miners then it is today. Songs were written about the hazards of mining, meanwhile, miners lived in worse conditions then many third-world

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Coal Scrip Guide to Value, Marks, History WorthPoint

Jan 20, 2021· Small communities called coal camps sprang up near active seams centered around the mines and mining companies. In many of these coal camps, the mining companies established company stores that assumed the functions of general merchandise and dry goods retailers, entertainment facilities, and even post offices.

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Ernest: Life in a Mining Town Coal Culture: People

By 1916, Ernest was a thriving mining community with a school, two churches, a barbershop, and a company store so large that it served as a warehouse for all other company stores in Indiana County. But men who mine coal work closely with death, and accidents and explosions are a part of the history of every mining town.

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The Coal Mining Massacre America Forgot History

Apr 25, 2017· The coal industry was essentially the state’s sole source of work, and massive corporations built homes, general stores, schools, churches and recreational facilities in

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The Coal Mining Industry Is Collapsing, and Communities

Nov 23, 2020· The collapse of the coal mining industry has already begun and has only accelerated during the coal-friendly Trump administration. Although the industry weathered a string of major bankruptcies from 2015 to 2018 without seeing a significant increase in mine abandonments, those bankruptcies merely set the stage for the current crisis.

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List of Mining Equipment Career Trend

Dec 27, 2018· Subterranean coal miners use the machines to scrape coal from coal beds. In particularly dangerous situations, workers control robotic continuous miners remotely. Longwall Miners. In contrast to continuous miners, longwall miners remove large, rectangular sections of coal instead of scraping coal from a bed bit-by-bit.

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Coal Mining Appalachia: Southern U.S.A Culture, History

A coal boom followed, and mining companies began recruiting large numbers of European immigrants, as well as African-American “migrants” from the deep South, to join the work force of Appalachian farmers turned miners. At the height of the coal boom, there were nearly 12,000 mines operating in the region, employing over 700,000 men.

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Bellingham’s Ore Lore: Our Underlying Coal Mining History

Mar 06, 2020· Mustoe’s interviewees all remembered Bellingham Coal Mine’s foreman. “Jim Pascoe pretty much singlehandedly directed the function of the mine and supervised the underground,” he says.

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Coal mining: West Virginia's coal industry has a dark past

Apr 26, 2018· Mining was extremely dangerous. Without government regulation or labor rights, miners worked 16-hour days. An estimated 95,000 miners died in the nation’s coal mines from 1900 to 1950, according to Mine Safety and Health Administration records. Tens of thousands more succumbed to black lung disease or were permanently disabled in mine accidents.

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Coal Mines in Letcher County Kentucky RootsWeb

Coal Mines in Letcher County Kentucky. Compiled from Dodrill's 10,000 Coal Company Stores each listing contains the following COMPANY COMMUNITY COUNTY YEARS OF OPERATION EMPLOYEES. Stafford Coal Company, Inc Barking Letcher 1925-1926 35. Blackey Coal Company Blackey Letcher 1917-1925

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Flashback: Joe Biden Lied About Family’s Coal Mining Ties

Aug 23, 2019· Former Vice President Joe Biden repeatedly lied about his family’s ties to coal mining throughout his more than 40-year political career, but now wants to ban the energy source outright. Biden, who has been known to exaggerate his own history for political reasons, told union mine workers in Castlewood, Virginia during the 2008 presidential

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Coal mining in southeast Kansas Kansapedia Kansas

Coal mining in southeast Kansas Workers from dozens of European countries were drawn to the lush landscapes of southeast Kansas in the late 19th century. Naturally occurring minerals buried just underground drew these men and their families from places like Italy, Austria, Germany, Yugoslavia, England, Wales, Scotland, France, and Belgium.

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PART II DEFINITIONS A. MINER 3. STATUS/FUNCTION/SITUS

[tugboat operator transporting coal from the tipple to ultimate consumer not miner] Price v. Peabody Coal Co., 7 BLR 1-671 (1985). [employment around coal mine, performed prior to coal's injection into stream of commerce, constitutes coal mine employment and is not ancillary to delivery and commercial use of processed coal] Seltzer v.

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United Mine Workers Wikipedia

The United Mine Workers of America (UMW or UMWA) is a North American labor union best known for representing coal miners. Today, the Union also represents health care workers, truck drivers, manufacturing workers and public employees in the United States and Canada. Although its main focus has always been on workers and their rights, the UMW of today also advocates for better roads,

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Tennessee Coal Mining, Railroading, and Logging in

Coal came out of the mines in what was called mine run and consisted of all sizes of coal. The different types of coal are: block (lump) 6 inch blocks and up, egg 3 to 6 inch blocks of coal, nut 1 ½ to 3 inch blocks of coal, stoker ¾ to 1 ½ inch blocks of coal, and steam ¾ inch and smaller blocks of coal.

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